
ВИДЕОТЕКА 

[Simultaneous Bayesian analysis of contingency tables in genetic association studies] Thorsten Dickhaus^{} ^{} Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics, Berlin 

Аннотация: Genetic association studies lead to simultaneous categorical data analysis. The sample for every genetic locus consists of a contingency table containing the numbers of observed genotypephenotype combinations. Under casecontrol design, the row counts of every table are identical and fixed, while column counts are random. Aim of the statistical analysis is to test independence of the phenotype and the genotype at every locus. We present an objective Bayesian methodology for these association tests, utilizing the Bayes factor F_2 proposed by Good (1976) and Crook and Good (1980). It relies on the conjugacy of Dirichlet and multinomial distributions, where the hyperprior for the Dirichlet parameter is logCauchy. Being based on the likelihood principle, the Bayesian tests avoid looping over all tables with given marginals. Hence, their computational burden does not increase with the sample size, in contrast to frequentist exact tests. Making use of data generated by The Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium (2007), we illustrate that the ordering of the Bayes factors shows a good agreement with that of frequentist pvalues. Finally, we deal with specifying prior probabilities for the hypotheses, by taking linkage disequilibrium structure into account and exploiting the concept of effective numbers of tests (cf. Dickhaus (2014)). Язык доклада: английский 